Adapt conducts applied research on peace and development topics and makes semi-regular contributions in the press on topics related to conflict and political transition. The full list of Adapt's publications since 2010 are available here for quick reference, and may be detailed further elsewhere on this site.
Comparative Insights for Myanmar's Peace Process, Hope International Development Agency, 2017
"The peace process provides an opportunity to address the underlying causes of conflict in our country. Although our country is unique, there are common causes patterns in peace and conflict internationally that we can learn from..."
See full infographic here
This study explores the effects that armed conflict has on hydropower development, and inversely, the impacts that armed conflict has on hydropower development. It is one eight dimensions affecting hydropower development in Myanmar. More specifically, this component of the SEA seeks to understand the issues that give rise to and result from patterns of ethno-political conflict in Myanmar...
Read the full report here
The one place where Washington can make a difference, Foreign Policy
A successful transition would also require a resolution to the country’s continuing civil war. The state and Burma’s non-state ethnic armed groups are currently negotiating a political agreement — the nationwide ceasefire — which seeks in tandem to formally end all hostilities while formalizing a longer term process to resolve fundamental power, resource, and rights-based disagreements. To establish a sustainable peace, Burma’s old guard must recognize, at least in principle, the possibility of devolving power and resources to non-state actors within a new, possibly federal state structure.
Read the full article here.
Intercommunal Violence in Myanmar: Risks and Opportunities for International Assistance, Mercy Corps
This 2014 report was based on a comprehensive literature review and key informant interviews. The findings detail the root causes and proximate causes of intercommunal violence in Myanmar, examine risks and opportunities for international assistance, and provide recommendations for research and programming. The findings cover discourse and propagandising, geographies of risks, the need for local analysis, the need to strengthen social cohesion and conflict management networks, and other strategies for intervention. The report underpinned an interfaith peacebuilding program under implementation in Myanmar. The report is available here.
Media and Peacebuilding in Myanmar, United States Institute of Peace
Written soon after Myanmar's historic lifting of media censorship, this 2013 assessment for the United States Institute of Peace explored opportunities for media peacebuilding initiatives. Considering citizen-state, intercommunal, and ethno-political conflict, the study combines a media landscape assessment with conflict analysis and recommended media peacebuilding initiatives, which are now under implementation. The study was co-authored with Theo Dolan from USIP.
In 2012 Adapt conducted a conflict assessment in Rakhine State, which had just been wracked by intercommunal violence which killed more than one hundred and displaced more than one hundred thousand. The assessment employed a systems methodology and highlighted the causal interdependencies between communal violence and Myanmar's broader ethno-political conflicts. The assessment provided recommendations to support conflict sensitive humanitarian assistance.
The report is available here.
Peacebuilding and Conflict Sensitivity Recommendations, UNICEF Myanmar, UNPUBLISHED
Peace and Development Conflict Sensitivity Analysis, UNDP Myanmar, UNPUBLISHED
This paper and presentation provides an assessment of a ‘typical local conflict’ between two Dinka clans, based on field research in Jonglei State, using a systemic approach to conflict assessment adapted from dynamical systems theory. This approach not only captures the multiple sources and complex temporal dynamics of the conflict, but can also help identify patterns that are central to the conflict that are unrecognisable by other means (Coleman et al. 2007, 2011). The analysis reveals that typical explanations for local violence in post-civil war contexts such as resource and political competition and insecurity are an over-simplification in this context. These factors undoubtedly influence the conflict, but can be better understood as elements of a dynamical system where the probability of violence is strongly influenced by the clans’ competing desire to maximise group pride. The conflict has resisted transformation because traditional ‘pride-sensitive’ conflict mechanisms have become ineffective, while most interventions by state institutions have exacerbated the conflict. These findings reveal an emotional dimension to conflict that might be overlooked in conventional approaches to conflict assessment and peacebuilding, although the case study is not to be generalised to all local conflict in South Sudan. The full paper is available via ACCORD.
IDPs illustrate the Human Cost of War in Burma, Huffington Post
That the Kachin conflict continues daily and shows no sign of abating despite the raft of ceasefire agreements with other ethnic groups is in itself as reminder to be cautious about the (well intentioned but misleading) pro-reform, pro-peace message that we are hearing coming out of Burma.
Read the full article here.
What does Peace Mean to You?, Advanced Consortium for Cooperation, Conflict, and Complexity
"like the myth of the invisible hand, peace doesn’t necessarily trickle down. Rather it has to be built by actors working at multiple layers of society over time. In other words, a peace agreement brokered at the bargaining table won’t bring sustainable peace if the population at large continues to misunderstand, disrespect or deny the needs of their fellow citizens. Peacebuilding is the responsibility of many actors working towards a common goal all the way from the grassroots to the governing elite"
The full article is available here.
In Myanmar, searching for the Roots of Peace, Earth Institute
"Recognizing a society’s latent capacity for peace is fundamentally different than focusing on problems or confronting an adversary on the battlefield or at the negotiating table. Our research seeks to identify pro-peace constituencies that are either not empowered or not connected to the power structures or change processes that might maximize their positive impact. Using mapping techniques, we identify relationships that need to be built and actors that need to be empowered to positively transform the landscape in which conflict emerges. You might call this fostering networks of effective action."
Read the full article here.